Philip M. Raup; Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, . Gerschenkron (), a differential behaviour in terms of accumulation, () emphasis on the fact that countries which had a late start would follow a. Gerschenkron, Alexander, , Economic Backwardness in Historical. Perspective.***. Lecture Three: Other Industrialized Countries than Britain. I. U.S.

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For those who went on in the field more seriously, the regular evening seminar became the focus. Gerschenkron studied many subjects, alexanedr history of economics, economics of the Soviet Union, statistics, Greek poetry, and a great deal in between. Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account?

Alexander Gerschenkron

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Born in Odessa inhe died in Cambridge, Massachusetts in The considerable appeal of the Gerschenkron model derives not only from its logical and consistent ordering of the nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century European experience. And he wrote, in long nights of private work, what proved to be his single piece of greatest length, Bread and Democracy in Germanypublished in Berkeley: Understanding Economic Backwardness His present reputation comes instead from his dedication to European economic history.

Not surprisingly, upon alexandef the mandatory retirement age of 65 inhe was offered a further five years. InGermany introduced a new tariff and formulated a definite policy, which protected domestic grain production against overseas competition.

Gerschenkron was born in Odessa into an elite family of the Russian intelligentsia.

Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia

After all the discussion of major changes supposedly required in the system of international financial flows in the past few years, little has, in fact, gerschhenkron. His course required two major dissertation papers and a final exam.


Gerschenkron did not define economic backwardness but alluded to related factors: He influenced a generation of Harvard economists through his required graduate course in economic history. His versatile analysis not only includes construction of ingenious industrial output indices and fruitful historical hypotheses an the index-number problem, but also original insights gleaned from a study of Soviet novels and a brilliant critique of “Doctor Zhivago. GerschenrkonRussian Empire.

Many of his students went on to have productive careers, and a good number of them have attained presidency of the Economic History Association. The essay gave its name to his volume of essays published by Harvard University Press in As an example of his facility with languages, Deirdre McCloskey tells of Gerschenkron’s gerxchenkron evaluation of a Russian translation: It is likewise anti-Rostovian.

Born in Odessathen part of the Russian EmpireGerschenkron fled the country during the Russian Civil War in to Austriawhere he attended the University of Viennaearning a doctorate in In that interval, beyond continuing his efforts with Gulick, he also assisted Howard Ellis and Jack Condliffe. In economic history he taught a year-long course required of all graduate economics students.

It predicts that the more “economically backward” a country is, the more we will see:. Why should you be angry? Retrieved April 18, Suddenly recommitted to study, he overcame his initial lapse, and graduated with his class. As the contemporary world continues to confront the problem of alexandee development, particularly over the last twenty years in Latin America and Africa, that special magic of nineteenth century backwardness stimulates greater appeal, and greater hope.

Account Options Sign in. The essay deals with “economic backwardness”, and argued that the more backward an economy is gerschenoron the outset of economic development, the more likely certain conditions are to occur.

His formulation dominates the stages of growth approach because of its emphasis upon differential development in response to different initial conditions. Email alerts New issue alert. Inhe enrolled in the University of Vienna’s school of economics, graduating in In his essay, he mostly discusses Britain, Germany and Russia. There he rapidly learned German, as well as Latin, enabling him to attempt to pass the entrance examination for secondary school within seven months. This has not much altered the pattern of development.


He fled the Bolshevik Revolution with his father inapparently bound for Paris, but wound up in Vienna instead. Gerscehnkron kept his former political affiliations a secret after he was able to immigrate to the United States. After graduation, Gerschenkron got married and had a child.

Rarer still is the doctoral student in economic history who remains uninfluenced by his beguiling hypotheses about the process of historical change within Europe since the Industrial Revolution. At least Berkeley provided a place for him to return, as he did in September The course was just the introduction. Don’t have an account? Explaining and systematizing the elements of creative innovation in industrial history, Mr.

He believes the Germans should include this program of the agricultural adjustment plan in the gerschejkron treaties and entrust its execution and supervision to an international economic agency. Later in life he would pick up languages with ease—Swedish one week, Bulgarian the next. His third great contribution came through his students.

His acceptance marked the real beginning of his academic career that subsequently was to flourish over the rest of his life.